Exotic Foreign Doves & Pigeons, including the Ringneck and Diamond Doves are susceptible to this disease. Here is some data, which may be helpful to the fancier. This information does not take the place of the information from an avian vet.
Use the "killed virus type" vaccine from Maine Laboratories; Global Pigeon Supplies 1-800-562-2292 carries this vaccine. Most all of the pigeon & poultry supply companies also carry it. A ½ " 20 gauge needle is the recommended size.
Pigeons & Doves of average "pigeon size" would take 0.5 ml (1/2 ml) per bird. Ringnecks & similar sized doves take .025 ml (1/4 ml) per bird. Diamond Doves and similar sized doves take half of the Ringneck dosage.
Young birds: give initial injection at about 4 weeks old & the second booster 4-8 weeks apart. Older birds are vaccinated the same way – using the two vaccinations. Yearly vaccinations are recommended also.
Injection of the vaccine is made just under the skin. Many give it in the neck, in the insides of the leg & others inject it in the belly area. No matter where it is injected clean the area with alcohol before inserting the needle.
The following is from the Internet:
PARAMYXOVIRUS: Caused by a strain of P.M.V. 1 NEWCASTLE DISEASE A disease of which there are many strains and various degrees of virulence. Symptoms are many and varied, sometimes several together, other times singular. Watery feces, slimy green/brown feces, nervousness, lack of co-ordination, falling backwards, misjudging distance, fear of sudden noise, reaction to bright light, torsion of neck, complete twisting movement of neck, inability to pick up grain immediately etc. NO CURE but recovery after nursing and convalescence after 10-14 weeks. Mortality / fatality rate dependant upon viral strain contracted. Some strains may kill within days but extremely rare. Most strains result in recovery and future immunity for the individual although some may demonstrate continued nervousness for up to two years. Parental immunity cannot be transferred to young so natural immunity is impossible. Some immune individuals may become susceptible once again after several years of none contact. The immune system rejects unused or unrequired defenses periodically whilst updating its armory. The disease has an incubation period of 8-12 weeks after which the symptoms begin to appear. During this period the pigeons are infective to others. The symptoms are actually the onset of recovery, which takes another 8-14 weeks. Immunity is passed from immune parent to nestlings, however this immunity only lasts for 3 weeks. Youngsters should be vaccinated at 21-28 days old. Prevention is via vaccination for both young and old but, 14 days must be allowed for vaccination to become affective; immunity is not immediate and also builds and wanes over a period of ten months full effectiveness (not 12 months as many imagine) Not all pigeons contract Paramyxovirus, some are resistant, possibly due to having contracted a mild but unnoticed strain at some previous time. However, this is not an argument for none vaccination. Experience of this disease is extremely distressing and annual preventative vaccination of all owned pigeons is to be desired. The disease may be spread as airborne, fancier borne or contact borne, so aviary prisoner stock are not exempt from risk! Vaccination is ineffective against the disease once the pigeon is in the stages of incubation of virus. Recovered birds do not remain as carriers of the present pigeon related strain of P.M.V. However, virus do mutate so all information available may be subject to revision in future.
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